Psychology discussion: the perception psychologists

Topic: Psychology Discussion

Pages: 4

Format: APA

Instructions:
his is for upper division psychology class and below are the three discussion questions from chapter fourteen(14), fifteen(15) and sixteen(16) of the book “Hunt, Morton. (2007). The Story of Psychology (2nd Ed). Anchor Books. (ISBN-13: 978-0307278074).” . Answer the question based on the book and use your own idea to explain as it is a discussion question. Please label the answer for chapter fourteen(14) as “The Perception Psychologists”, for chapter fifteen (15) as “ The Emotion and Motivation psychologists ” and for chapter sixteen(16) as “The Cognitivists”. One and half pages for each discussion question if possible but you can write more than one and half page for each discussion question if you wish to add some more detail. Please try to make the page even. 12 point single spaced and Times New Roman. Mostly use your own word to explain please. I’ll provide the book if needed via email.

Discussion Question Chapter 14
Discussion 14 – The Perception Psychologists

The Greek philosophers asked, “How do images of the outside world reach the intellect within?” There were many early ideas and misconceptions about visual perception. After centuries of scientific inquiry, the ultimate answer is: what you see is not what exists! Think about all the illusions I placed in the lecture notes. It’s hard to not see some things even if you know they don’t exist, isn’t it?
How does that information sit with you? How do you feel, knowing what you see in front of you at this moment is not exactly reality?
This is of course true of all perception, not just visual perception. For instance, researchers say our memory of an interaction with others is 90% perception and only 10% reality (although of course sometimes our perception is closer to reality than other times).
How do we go about navigating the world around us if nothing is as it seems? I’m looking for both philosophical and empirical answers here as well as personal examples.

Discussion Question Chapter 15
Discussion 15 – The Emotion and Motivation Psychologists

Emotion remains the least understood area of psychology. Researchers continue to work very hard to figure it out. What is most understood is that we have basic and universal emotions. What is not fully understood is how we process these emotions.
While a layperson easily assumes they determine themselves to be happy or sad and then feel the visceral response of that emotion, the majority of researchers believe that it goes the other way. The first thing we feel is arousal (the body and mind are stirred up) and then we interpret why that might have happened. This is actually a lot like the question of free will. It’s hard for most of us to wrap our heads around the fact that the body feels the emotion first and then we label it after the fact.
What do you think about this? If this is the first time you’ve encountered these theories, you might have a hard time believing it. How does that make you feel about your own body and mind and your emotional experience?
Which aspects of the empirical research do you find especially compelling?

Discussion Question Chapter 16
Discussion 16 – The Cognitivists

Cognitive Psychology is essentially the psychology of thinking or mental processes. As the Greek philosophers asked, “how do we know what we know, and why do we behave as we do?” Cognitive psychologists are answering some aspects of these questions, and cognitive neuroscientists in particular, are observing the process.

George Miller led the Cognitive Revolution. In modern times, most of us think of cognitive psych as rather mundane, standard, and well-accepted. Nothing too controversial about it. But that was not so in the mid-1900s when Miller led the revolution. What was this revolution all about? Why Did Miller feel so strongly about leading it and why was it necessary? What was the opposition? How do you see this playing out today in the field of psychology as a whole?

The book will be provided. 

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